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51) Who was the first Hawaiian king to venture off the islands?

Kamehameha II was the first Hawaiian king to venture off of the islands. In 1823, he and Queen Kamamalu made their first and only official state visit to England, where they both contracted measles and died shortly thereafter.

52) Which of the following happened in 1453?

The fall of Constantinople followed a 53-day siege that had begun on 6 April 1453. Almost 500 years of Turkish domination of the Eastern Mediterranean, North Africa and the Middle East would follow.

53) What famous writer was born in 1564?

William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptized there on April 26, 1564. His actual date of birth remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on April 23.

54) Who was a primary force behind the Reign of Terror?

Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror. Ironically, he fell victim to the Terror he helped instigate and was guillotined without trial in the Place de la Révolution on July 28, 1794.

55) How many British colonies formed the United States of America?

Following a series of protests over taxes in the 1760s and 1770s, these thirteen colonies united politically and militarily in opposition to the British government and fought the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). In July 1776, they formed a new nation called the "United States of America" and declared independence.

56) What German philosopher helped Karl Marx write The Communist Manifesto?

Marx collaborated with German thinker Friedrich Engels and published various works, the most well-known being the 1848 pamphlet The Communist Manifesto which summarized their theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles".

57) What empire began as an alliance of three city-states?

The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance, began as an alliance of three Nahua "altepetl" city-states: Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Mexico-Texcoco, and Mexico-Tlacopan.

58) Who was the first Catholic pope?

The Roman Catholic Church sees Peter as the first pope upon whom God chose to build His church, ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church" dialogue in Matthew 16:18. It holds that he had authority (primacy) over the other apostles and maintains that sometime after the recorded events of the book of Acts, the Apostle Peter became the first bishop of Rome, and that the Roman bishop was accepted by the early church as the central authority among all of the churches.

59) Marie Antoinette was married to which King of France?

On 10 May 1774, when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette became Queen of France.

60) Which of the following was a temple on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to the goddess Athena?

The most renowned of Greek temples and one of the most influential buildings in the history of world architecture, the Parthenon contained a colossal statue of Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.