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HISTORY TRIVIA VI

51) Who was a primary force behind the Reign of Terror?


Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror. Ironically, he fell victim to the Terror he helped instigate and was guillotined without trial in the Place de la Révolution on July 28, 1794.

52) How many British colonies formed the United States of America?


Following a series of protests over taxes in the 1760s and 1770s, these thirteen colonies united politically and militarily in opposition to the British government and fought the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). In July 1776, they formed a new nation called the "United States of America" and declared independence.

53) What German philosopher helped Karl Marx write The Communist Manifesto?


Marx collaborated with German thinker Friedrich Engels and published various works, the most well-known being the 1848 pamphlet The Communist Manifesto which summarized their theories about the nature of society and politics, that in their own words, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles".

54) What empire began as an alliance of three city-states?


The Aztec Empire, or the Triple Alliance, began as an alliance of three Nahua "altepetl" city-states: Mexico-Tenochtitlan, Mexico-Texcoco, and Mexico-Tlacopan.

55) Who was the first Catholic pope?


The Roman Catholic Church sees Peter as the first pope upon whom God chose to build His church, ordained by Jesus in the "Rock of My Church" dialogue in Matthew 16:18. It holds that he had authority (primacy) over the other apostles and maintains that sometime after the recorded events of the book of Acts, the Apostle Peter became the first bishop of Rome, and that the Roman bishop was accepted by the early church as the central authority among all of the churches.

56) Marie Antoinette was married to which King of France?


On 10 May 1774, when her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette became Queen of France.

57) Which of the following was a temple on the Athenian Acropolis dedicated to the goddess Athena?


The most renowned of Greek temples and one of the most influential buildings in the history of world architecture, the Parthenon contained a colossal statue of Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron.

58) In which caste would you most likely find a Hindu priest?


Traditionally, priests have come from the Brahmin varna, although in modern times, archakas have been recruited from various communities with lesser regard to caste.

59) How many "enemies of the revolution" were officially executed during the Reign of Terror?


16,594 people were officially executed during the terror, with the ironic inclusion of the instigator of the killings, Robespierre himself.

60) What monarch of the Zulu Kingdom was assassinated by his half brothers Dingane and Mhlangana?


Shaka kaSenzangakhona, also known as Shaka Zulu, was one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom. Dingane and Mhlangana appear to have made at least two attempts to assassinate Shaka before they succeeded sometime in 1828.


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