The Battle of Britain, in which the Royal Air Force defended the United Kingdom against attacks from the German Air Force (Luftwaffe), was the first entirely aerial military campaign, as well as the first significant defeat for the Axis powers during World War II.
The Intolerable Acts were the American Patriots' term for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 after the Boston Tea Party and meant to punish the Massachusetts colonists for their defiance. The British hoped these punitive measures would reverse the trend of colonial resistance to parliamentary authority, but tensions soon escalated, and the American Revolution broke out in April 1775.
Alexander the Great spent most of his ruling years on an unprecedented military campaign through Asia and northeast Africa, and by the age of thirty he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle and is widely considered one of history's most successful military commanders.
Crispus Attucks was the first person killed in the Boston massacre and is widely considered to be the first American casualty in the American Revolutionary War. Of Wampanoag and African descent, he became an icon of the anti-slavery movement in the 18th century and was held up as a Native American who played a heroic role in the history of the United States.