It was written by Noël Regney and Gloria Shayne Baker as a plea for peace during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Regney had been invited by a record producer to write a Christmas song, but was hesitant due to the commercialism of the holiday. It has since sold tens of millions of copies and been covered by hundreds of artists.
In 1822, Clement C. Moore's gift to his children was the poem "The Night Before Christmas". This poem has been called "arguably the best-known verses ever written by an American" and is responsible for many of the popular conceptions of Santa Claus from the mid-nineteenth century to today.