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ART TRIVIA VII

61) What do you call the technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into one another?


Sfumato is the technique of allowing tones and colors to shade gradually into one another, producing softened outlines or hazy forms. It is one of the four canonical painting modes of Renaissance art (alongside cangiante, chiaroscuro, and unione).

62) What painting technique was employed by Caravaggio, Ribera, Georges De La Tour, Joseph Wright of Derby and other painters, in order to focus a spotlight on certain areas of a painting?


Tenebrism is a compositional technique using very pronounced chiaroscuro, in which some areas of a painting are kept completely black, allowing other areas to be strongly illuminated -- usually from a single source of light. The technique was popular during the Baroque period, and Caravaggio is usually credited with invention of the style.

63) In painting, what do you call the use of strong contrasts between light and dark?


Chiaroscuro is the dramatic effect of contrasting areas of light and dark in an artwork, particularly paintings, to achieve a sense of volume in modelling three-dimensional objects and figures. It comes from the combination of the Italian words for "light" and "dark."

64) What is the term for a thin, opaque coat of paint or layer of shading applied to give a softer or duller effect?


Scumble is a technique similar to glazing, except that the coating is opaque, and is painted on very thinly to allow bits of the paint below to shine through. It is commonly used as an atmospheric effect when rendering fog or clouds.

65) Any color plus white is a ____?


Any color plus white is a tint.

66) Any color plus black is a ____?


Any color plus black is a shade.

67) Any color plus grey is a ____?


Any color plus gray is a tone.

68) What is the term for reproducing a texture by laying paper over it and rubbing it with a pencil or crayon?


Frottage is a method of reproducing a texture or relief design by laying paper over it and rubbing it with some sort of drawing utensil. The technique was developed by Max Ernst in 1925. Inspired by an ancient wooden floor, the patterns and graining of which suggested strange images to him, he captured these by laying sheets of paper on the floor and then rubbing over them with a soft pencil.

69) What prompted Pablo Picasso's famous Blue Period?


The Blue Period refers to the works produced by Spanish painter Pablo Picasso between 1901 and 1904 when he painted essentially monochromatic paintings in shades of blue and blue-green, only occasionally warmed by other colors. According to the artist himself, this period was an artistic response to his depression over the death of Carlos Casagemas, a friend who shot himself because of an unrequited love for Germaine Pichot who was later depicted in Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. "I began to paint in blue," he wrote, "when I realized that Casagemas had died."

70) What is the term for a three-dimensional composition made from a variety of traditionally non-artistic materials and objects?


Assemblage is an artistic form or medium similar to collage and usually created on a defined substrate that consists of three-dimensional elements projecting out of or from the substrate. It typically uses found objects, but is not limited to these materials.


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