The Schooner America won the Hundred Guinea Cup on August 22, 1851. The Crew donated their trophy to the New York Yacht Club under the condition that the cup "be preserved as a perpetual Challenge Cup for friendly competition between foreign countries," and the America's Cup race was born. From 1870, the next time the race was held, until 1980, American yachts won the America's Cup race 24 times without a loss (the race was not always an annual event). The Australian yacht Australia II finally took the cup when it won the race in 1983.
Hall of Famer Harold Grange, All-American running back at the University of Illinois in the early 1920's, then for the Bears until 1935, was known as "Red Grange" or "The Galloping Ghost." He was so dominating in a 1924 game against Michigan--gaining 262 yards and scoring 4 touchdowns in just 12 minutes--that he inspired Grantland Rice to write the following poem which spawned his famous nickname:
A streak of fire, a breath of flame
Eluding all who reach and clutch;
A gray ghost thrown into the game
That rival hands may never touch;
A rubber bounding, blasting soul
Whose destination is the goal.
As a junior at Ohio State Archie Griffin was named to every All-American team and was called "the greatest football player I've ever coached" by Woody Hayes. Combining power, speed and an uncanny ability to break four or five tackles on a single play, he smashed the all-time record for running backs in the Big Ten, amassing 4,064 yards. As a senior, Archie extended his record of consecutive 100-yards plus games to 31, his overall yardage to 5,176 and became the only player ever to win the Heisman twice.
The National Basketball Association established the Podoloff Cup, named for Maurice Podoloff, the league's first commissioner, as the its Most Valuable Player award in 1956. The winner was originally chosen by the NBA players. Since 1981, however, it has been based on a poll of professional basketball broadcasters and writers.
Martin Luther was an avid bowler who had his own bowling lane. Many bowling historians credit him with standardizing the rules of bowling and fixing the number of pins at nine. Bowling became an important part of German culture, and children were often taught that thunderstorms were due to St. Peter and the angels bowling.
The idea to use a live longhorn as the university's mascot is attributed to UT alumnus Stephen Pinckney who gathered $124 from other alumni to purchase a steer which they originally named "Bo." The animal made his first public appearance at the halftime of the 1916 Thanksgiving Day football game between Texas and archrival the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (later Texas A&M University). Popular accounts differ on how the name became "Bevo." One account states that after A&M students kidnapped the steer and branded it in large characters with the score "13-0" of the 1915 football game in which A&M was victorious, that UT students recovered the animal, and with branding irons changed the mark to read "BEVO" which was a near beer popular on campus at the time.
In ACT I, SCENE II of HENRY V, Shakespeare writes the following dialogue:
FIRST AMBASSADOR: He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure; and, in lieu of this,
Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.
KING HENRY V: What treasure, uncle?
EXETER: Tennis-balls, my liege.
More than one billion people watched the 1990 World Cup final on television, making FIFA World Cup Soccer the world's largest spectator sport. The closing of the 1990 World Cup in Rome was marked by a "Century gala" with a performance by the three tenors, who are avid soccer fans. It attracted a live audience of 6,000 and 1.5 billion TV viewers worldwide.
In 1871 Harvard students began playing the so-called "Boston Game," an early version of football which included elements of rugby (the player could pick up the ball and, if pursued, run with it) and soccer (kicking a round ball was still essential). Two years later representatives of Columbia, Princeton, Rutgers, and Yale met in New York City to formulate the first intercollegiate football rules.
Arnold Palmer was named “Athlete of the Decade” (1960s) by the Associated Press in recognition of his enormous impact on the game of golf. Since then, he has received virtually every national award in golf, including both the Hickok Professional Athlete of the Year” and Sports Illustrated’s “Sportsman of the Year” trophies. Arnie has been inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame as a Charter Member; the American Golf Hall of Fame; and the PGA Hall of Fame.
Howard Cosell began covering sports for the American Broadcasting Company in 1956, and was identified especially with ABC's prime-time “Monday Night Football” (1970-84) and as a vocal advocate for Muhammad Ali . Cosell's often abrasive style, marked by his frequent claims to “tell it like it is,” made him one of television's most familiar figures and earned him the nickname "The Mouth".