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1) What boxer holds the record for youngest professional debut?

Alberto (Baby) Arizmendi holds the record for youngest professional debut by a boxer. He is believed to have turned pro at the tender age of 10!

2) What yachting race was called the Hundred-Guinea Cup until a team from the U. S. won the race in 1851?

The Schooner America won the Hundred Guinea Cup on August 22, 1851. The Crew donated their trophy to the New York Yacht Club under the condition that the cup "be preserved as a perpetual Challenge Cup for friendly competition between foreign countries," and the America's Cup race was born. From 1870, the next time the race was held, until 1980, American yachts won the America's Cup race 24 times without a loss (the race was not always an annual event). The Australian yacht Australia II finally took the cup when it won the race in 1983.

3) What golfer coined the term "caddy?"

Mary Queen of Scots, the first known female golfer, coined the term “caddy” in 1552, calling her assistants cadets. During her reign, the famous golf course at St. Andrews was built.

4) What was the first sport televised in the U.S.?

On May 17, 1939, baseball became the first sport ever televised in the U.S. The game was between Princeton and Columbia at Baker Field. Princeton won 2-1.

5) What sport has a hooker in a scrum?

In rugby, a scrummage or scrum is a way of restarting the game, either after a minor infringement, or after the ball has gone onto the ground after a successful tackle. The middle player in each front row is the hooker.

6) What Chicago Bears runningback was known as "The Galloping Ghost?"

Hall of Famer Harold Grange, All-American running back at the University of Illinois in the early 1920's, then for the Bears until 1935, was known as "Red Grange" or "The Galloping Ghost." He was so dominating in a 1924 game against Michigan--gaining 262 yards and scoring 4 touchdowns in just 12 minutes--that he inspired Grantland Rice to write the following poem which spawned his famous nickname:

A streak of fire, a breath of flame
Eluding all who reach and clutch;
A gray ghost thrown into the game
That rival hands may never touch;
A rubber bounding, blasting soul
Whose destination is the goal.

7) Who was the only college football player to win the Heisman Trophy twice?

As a junior at Ohio State Archie Griffin was named to every All-American team and was called "the greatest football player I've ever coached" by Woody Hayes. Combining power, speed and an uncanny ability to break four or five tackles on a single play, he smashed the all-time record for running backs in the Big Ten, amassing 4,064 yards. As a senior, Archie extended his record of consecutive 100-yards plus games to 31, his overall yardage to 5,176 and became the only player ever to win the Heisman twice.

8) Who was the first golfer to win more than $1 million in official earnings in a single year?

Curtis Strange became the first golfer to surpass $1 million in yearly earnings in 1988, when he won four titles. Strange was named Player of the Year in 1985, 1987 and 1988.

9) What professional sports league's MVP trophy is called the Podoloff Cup?

The National Basketball Association established the Podoloff Cup, named for Maurice Podoloff, the league's first commissioner, as the its Most Valuable Player award in 1956. The winner was originally chosen by the NBA players. Since 1981, however, it has been based on a poll of professional basketball broadcasters and writers.

10) What sport is the most common cause of eye injuries in the U.S.?

Sports cause more than 40,000 eye injuries each year. More than 90 percent of these injuries can be prevented. Overall, baseball causes the most eye injuries, followed by basketball, water sports and racquet sports.

11) What religious leader is credited with inventing nine-pin bowling?

Martin Luther was an avid bowler who had his own bowling lane. Many bowling historians credit him with standardizing the rules of bowling and fixing the number of pins at nine. Bowling became an important part of German culture, and children were often taught that thunderstorms were due to St. Peter and the angels bowling.

12) By what name is the University of Texas Longhorn mascot known?

The idea to use a live longhorn as the university's mascot is attributed to UT alumnus Stephen Pinckney who gathered $124 from other alumni to purchase a steer which they originally named "Bo." The animal made his first public appearance at the halftime of the 1916 Thanksgiving Day football game between Texas and archrival the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (later Texas A&M University). Popular accounts differ on how the name became "Bevo." One account states that after A&M students kidnapped the steer and branded it in large characters with the score "13-0" of the 1915 football game in which A&M was victorious, that UT students recovered the animal, and with branding irons changed the mark to read "BEVO" which was a near beer popular on campus at the time.

13) What quarterback threw 70 passes in a single game?

Drew Bledsoe completed 45 passes out of 70 attempts in an overtime game against the Minnesota Vikings on November 13, 1994. He rallied his New England Patriots from a 20-0 deficit to a 26-20 victory.

14) What sport's balls does William Shakespeare refer to in Henry V?

In ACT I, SCENE II of HENRY V, Shakespeare writes the following dialogue:

FIRST AMBASSADOR: He therefore sends you, meeter for your spirit,
This tun of treasure; and, in lieu of this,
Desires you let the dukedoms that you claim
Hear no more of you. This the Dauphin speaks.

KING HENRY V: What treasure, uncle?

EXETER: Tennis-balls, my liege.

15) What 1990 championship sporting event attracted a TV audience of one billion people?

More than one billion people watched the 1990 World Cup final on television, making FIFA World Cup Soccer the world's largest spectator sport. The closing of the 1990 World Cup in Rome was marked by a "Century gala" with a performance by the three tenors, who are avid soccer fans. It attracted a live audience of 6,000 and 1.5 billion TV viewers worldwide.

16) What sport played by Harvard teams starting in 1871 was commonly referred to as the "Boston game"?

In 1871 Harvard students began playing the so-called "Boston Game," an early version of football which included elements of rugby (the player could pick up the ball and, if pursued, run with it) and soccer (kicking a round ball was still essential). Two years later representatives of Columbia, Princeton, Rutgers, and Yale met in New York City to formulate the first intercollegiate football rules.

17) What test was introduced in the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City?

The "sex test" was introduced during the 1968 Olympics in order to clearly ascertain the sex of all Olympic participants. In the past there had been several cases where men had taken part in the women’s events.

18) Who won "Athlete of the Decade" honors for the 1960s?

Arnold Palmer was named “Athlete of the Decade” (1960s) by the Associated Press in recognition of his enormous impact on the game of golf. Since then, he has received virtually every national award in golf, including both the Hickok Professional Athlete of the Year” and Sports Illustrated’s “Sportsman of the Year” trophies. Arnie has been inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame as a Charter Member; the American Golf Hall of Fame; and the PGA Hall of Fame.

19) What was the first non U.S. country to win the Little League baseball world series?

In 1957 a team from Monterrey, Mexico became the first foreign team to win the Little League World Series. In 1960 a German team became the first entry from Europe and in 1967 a West Tokyo nine became the first team from the Far East to win the Series.

20) What Monday Night Football announcer was known as "The Mouth"?

Howard Cosell began covering sports for the American Broadcasting Company in 1956, and was identified especially with ABC's prime-time “Monday Night Football” (1970-84) and as a vocal advocate for Muhammad Ali . Cosell's often abrasive style, marked by his frequent claims to “tell it like it is,” made him one of television's most familiar figures and earned him the nickname "The Mouth".