In 1981, the United Nations General Assembly passed resolution 36/67 declaring an International Day of Peace. In 2001, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a new resolution 55/282 declaring 21 September of each year as the International Day of Peace. The intention of the resolution is to have the entire world observe a day of peace and nonviolence.
In the Netherlands, children are told that Black Peter will enter the house through the chimney and leave a bundle of sticks or salt in their shoes instead of candy if they have been bad. Extremely bad children, they are told, will be put into Black Peter's gunny bag and carried off.
During Carnival people wear masks and costumes and celebrate in the streets, allowing them to lose their everyday individuality and experience a heightened sense of social unity. Excessive consumption of alcohol, meat, and other foods proscribed during Lent is extremely common.