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11) What was Michelangelo often called during his lifetime?

During his lifetime, Michelangelo was often called Il Divino ("the divine one"). He was so esteemed that he became the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was still alive. In fact, two biographies were published during his lifetime.

12) What building did Michelangelo design?

At the age of 74, Michelangelo succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as chief architect of St. Peter's Basilica. He is regarded as the principla designer of a large part of the building which has come to be regarded as one of the most renowned works of Renaissance architecture.

13) Which Pope compelled Michelangelo to undertake the fresco decoration of the Sistene Chapel?

In 1508, Pope Julius II compelled Michelangelo to undertake the fresco decoration of the Sistine Chapel, the ceiling of which is a vault 150 feet in length by 50 feet in breadth. This gigantic work, executed entirely by the master's own hand in about 4 or 5 years, is unquestionably the most stupendous single achievement of modern art.

14) At the age of 13, Michelangelo was apprenticed to what respected painter?

Michelangelo was apprenticed at the age of thirteen (in 1488) to the painter D. Ghirlandajo, but he showed a genius for sculpture and soon attracted the attention of Lorenzo the Magnificent who arranged for him to study at the Academy of Ancient Art in the Medici Palace where he developed his genius as a sculptor.

15) What sculpture did Michelangelo make for the tomb of Pope Julius II?

In 1505 Michelangelo was asked to design the tomb of Pope Julius II. Although the original conception was to include almost 80 oversized figures, the final plans were reduced dramatically. Michelangelo made only one figure for the tomb, Moses, his last major sculpture. He made the statue from a block of marble that had been deemed unworkable by earlier sculptors, and his final product is remarkable for the sense of anguish which it portrays.

16) What year did Michelangelo die?

Michelangelo died on February 18th, 1564, after suffering from a slow fever. His remains were taken to Santa Croce and the people of Florence turned out in large numbers to honor the "father and master of all the arts."

17) What did Michelangelo's father own in the town of Settignano?

After his mother's death, Michelangelo lived with a nanny and her husband, who was a stonecutter, in the town of Settignano, where his father owned a marble quarry and a small farm.

18) What sculpture was Michelangelo working on at the time of his death?

Only days before he died at the age of 88, Michelangelo was still working on the Rondanini Pietà. This final sculpture revisited the theme of the Virgin Mary mourning over the body of the dead Christ, which he had first explored in his Pietà of 1499.

19) What art movement evolved when other artists attempted to mimic Michelangelo?

Attempts by subsequent artists to imitate Michelangelo's impassioned and highly personal style resulted in Mannerism, the next major movement in Western art after the High Renaissance.

20) What feudal ruler did Michelangelo claim as an ancestor?

The Buonarrotis claimed to descend from the Countess Mathilde of Canossa, one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments. Although this claim of ancestry remains unproven, Michelangelo himself accepted it as fact.