John Tyler was the only U.S. President to serve the Confederacy during the Civil War. After failing in his bid to lead a compromise movement after the first southern states seceded in 1861, the former U.S. President helped to create the Southern Confederacy. He died in 1862, a member of the Confederate House of Representatives.
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln spoke these words when, after a disastrous defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Democrats in Congress tried to force him to back down from his Emancipation Proclamation. Despite his discouragement, however, Lincoln stood his ground.
Belle Boyd's spying career began when she reportedly shot and killed a Union soldier who insulted her. Belle was acquitted and soon became a local celebrity in her hometown of Winchester, attracting the attention of Generals Beauregard and Jackson, for whom she acted as courier and spy.
Many historians attribute the Confederacy's weaknesses to the poor leadership of President Davis. His diplomatic efforts failed to gain recognition from any foreign country, and at home, the collapsing Confederate economy forced his government to print more and more paper money to cover the war's expenses, leading to runaway inflation and devaluation of the Confederate dollar.
Considered by Confederate President Jefferson Davis to be the finest general officer in the Confederacy before the emergence of Robert E. Lee, Albert Sidney Johnston was killed early in the Civil War at the Battle of Shiloh. Johnston was the highest-ranking officer, Union or Confederate, killed during the entire war. Davis believed the loss of Johnston "was the turning point of our fate".